Question: How Common Is Pneumococcal Disease?

How serious is pneumococcal disease?

Invasive pneumococcal disease is a life-threatening condition that is fatal in 10 percent of cases.

Older people and those with underlying medical conditions have a higher risk than others of serious complications..

How do you get pneumococcal disease?

Pneumococcal disease is an infection caused by the bacteria Streptococcus pneumoniae or pneumococcus. People can be infected with the bacteria, or they can carry it in their throat, and not be ill. Those carriers can still spread it, primarily in droplets from their nose or mouth when they breathe, cough, or sneeze.

How do I know if I have pneumococcal pneumonia?

Common symptoms of pneumococcal pneumonia include high fever, excessive sweating and shaking chills, coughing, difficulty breathing, shortness of breath and chest pain. Certain symptoms, such as cough and fatigue, can appear without warning and may last for weeks, or longer.

Can you have pneumonia without a fever?

It is possible to have pneumonia without a cough or fever. Symptoms may come on quickly or may worsen slowly over time. Sometimes a person who has a viral upper respiratory infection (cold) will get a new fever and worsening that signals the start of the secondary bacterial infection.

What is treatment for pneumococcal pneumonia?

Thus, based on current levels of resistance to penicillin and cephalosporin, most patients with mild/moderate pneumococcal pneumonia may respond to oral amoxicillin, and most with severe pneumonia may be successfully treated with intravenous ceftriaxone, cefotaxime, or amoxicillin-clavulanic acid.

How common is pneumococcal pneumonia?

pneumoniae is the most common cause of community-acquired bacterial pneumonia in adults. In these regions, the annual incidence of invasive pneumococcal disease ranges from 10 to 100 cases per 100 000 population.

Who is at increased risk for pneumococcal disease?

Adults at Risk for Pneumococcal Disease Some adults 19 through 64 years old are also at increased risk for pneumococcal disease, including those: With chronic illnesses (chronic heart, liver, kidney, or lung [including chronic obstructive lung disease, emphysema, and asthma] disease; diabetes; or alcoholism)

What are the signs of pneumococcal pneumonia?

Pneumococcal pneumonia (lung infection) is the most common serious form of pneumococcal disease. Symptoms include: Fever and chills. Cough….Symptoms include:Confusion or disorientation.Shortness of breath.High heart rate.Fever, shivering, or feeling very cold.Extreme pain or discomfort.Clammy or sweaty skin.

What diseases does pneumococcal vaccine prevent?

PCV13 (pneumococcal conjugate vaccine) protects against 13 of the approximately 90 types of pneumococcal bacteria that can cause the most serious types of pneumococcal disease, including pneumonia, meningitis, and bacteremia.

CDC recommends routine pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccination for: All adults 65 years or older. People 2 through 64 years old with certain medical conditions. Adults 19 through 64 years old who smoke cigarettes.

What does pneumonia feel like at first?

Early symptoms are similar to influenza symptoms: fever, a dry cough, headache, muscle pain, and weakness. Within a day or two, the symptoms typically get worse, with increasing cough, shortness of breath and muscle pain. There may be a high fever and there may be blueness of the lips.

How is pneumococcal disease prevented?

Keeping up to date with recommended vaccines is the best way to prevent pneumococcal disease. Pneumococcal vaccines help protect against some of the more than 90 types of pneumococcal bacteria.

How is pneumococcal disease treated?

Antibiotics can treat pneumococcal disease. However, many types of pneumococcal bacteria have become resistant to some of the antibiotics used to treat these infections. Available data [5.24 MB, 114 pages] show that pneumococcal bacteria are resistant to one or more antibiotics in 3 out of every 10 cases.

Is pneumococcal contagious?

Pneumococcal disease is a contagious disease. Symptoms including fever and headaches. It can affect people of all ages but can be prevented with vaccination.

Who is at risk for streptococcus?

Risk for serious GBS disease increases as people get older. Adults 65 years or older are at increased risk compared to adults younger than 65 years old.

What is the best antibiotic to treat pneumonia?

Macrolide antibiotics: Macrolide drugs are the preferred treatment for children and adults. Macrolides include azithromycin (Zithromax®) and clarithromycin (Biaxin®).

What is the most common type of pneumococcal disease in adults?

Pneumococcal pneumonia (lung infection) is the most common type of bacterial pneumonia. Death rates for pneumococcal pneumonia in adults are 15-20 percent and as high as 40 percent among elderly patients.

How much does pneumococcal vaccine cost?

1600/dose for 10-valent vaccine and Rs. 3200/dose for the 13-valent vaccine.